Teeth whitening

  1. Contents
    1. 菠蘿及菠蘿汁美白;
    2. 以香蕉皮內側摩擦牙齒表面,直至香蕉皮在牙齒表面形成膏狀物,10-15分鐘後如常刷牙,能去除除牙垢及牙漬;
    3. 深綠色蔬果如菠菜、西蘭花等蘊含豐富礦物質,能於牙齒表面形成保護膜;椰菜花的鐵質就能形成耐酸薄膜;
    4. 糙米、粟米、小米、燕麥、竹筍、芹菜及韭菜等等粗纖維食物,所含的粗纖維能清潔牙齒,小心咀嚼粗纖維食物能按摩牙齦;
    5. 士多啤梨蘊含葉酸及蘋果酸,有助清潔牙齒;
  2. References
    1. 11個慳錢又有效的美白牙齒方案. https://www.gotrip.hk/ladies_talk/life-health/%E6%85%B3%E9%8C%A2-%E7%BE%8E%E7%99%BD-%E7%BE%8E%E7%99%BD%E7%89%99%E9%BD%92-ctl05/
Teeth whitening

MGNT6001 – BOOB Final Exam

Choose 4 from pool of 5

  1. Principles
    1. Definitions and theories
    2. Examples and experiences collaboration
  2. Q1 – Motivation (JCM)
    1. Job characteristics Model (JCM)
      1. Def.: A framework for analyzing and designing jobs that identifies five primary core job dimensions, their interrelationships, and their impact on outcomes; (S T T A F)
        1. Skill variety
          1. degree to which a job requires a variety of activities so that an employee can use a number of different skills and talents
        2. Task identity
          1. degree to which a job requires completion of a whole and identifiable piece of work;
        3. Task Significance
          1. degree to which a job has a substantial impact on the lives or work of other people;
        4. Autonomy
          1. degree to which a job provides substantial freedom, independence, and discretion to the individual in scheduling the work and determining the procedures to be used;
        5. Feedback
          1. degree to which doing work activities required by a job results in an individual obtaining direct and clear information about the effectiveness of his / her performance;
      2. Implications
        1. with dimensions of Skill variety, Task identity and Task significance exist in a job, the person will view it as important and worthwhile;
        2. With autonomy,  give jobholder a feeling of responsibility for the results;
        3. With feedback, the employee will be notified his / her performance effectiveness;
        4. Employees are likely to be motivated when they learn that they personally performed well on tasks that they care about; more with these three elements, greater the employee’s motivation and satisfaction and lower likelihood of resigning;
      3. Suggestions
        1. Combine task
          1. put fragmented tasks to form a new, larger work module to increase skill variety and task identity;
        2. Create natural work units
          1. form tasks to as meaningful whole to increase employee “ownership”; encourage employees to view their work as meaningful
        3. Establish client (external or internal) relationships
          1. establish direct relationships between workers and clients to increase skill variety, autonomy and feedback
        4. Expand jobs vertically
          1. vertical expansion enrich feelings of responsibilities and controls, which can increase their autonomy;
        5. Open feedback channels
          1. enable feedback to inform their effectiveness and improvement
      4. Drawbacks
        1. may not be totally appropriate for today’s jobs that are more service and knowledge-oriented;
  3. Q2 – Social Responsibility
    1. Arguments FOR
      1. Public expectations
      2. Secure Long-run profits
      3. Stockholders’ interests
      4. Public image
    2. Arguments AGAINST
      1. Violation of profit maximization
      2. Dilution of purpose
      3. Costs
      4. Lack of skills
  4. Q3 – Leadership (LMX theory)
  5. Q4 – Planning tasks of a manager (PPPOF SB)
    1. Policies – high levels
    2. Forecast – predict inputs and outcomes
    3. Objectives – Measurable targets
    4. Programmes –
    5. Procedures – Standard steps of tasks to getting things done
    6. Schedule – time table versus actions and responsibilities
    7. Budgets – Resources required
  6. Q5 – Organization culture & Customer Responsive Culture
    1. Five characteristics of customer responsive culture (EJ ERC)
      1. Type of employee: hire people whose personalities and attitudes are consistent with customer service: friendly, good in listening…
      2. Type of Job environment
        1. Design jobs so employees have much control as possible to satisfy customers without rigid rules
      3. Empowerment
        1. give service-contact employees to have day-to-day decisions on job-related activities
      4. Role clarity
        1. reduce uncertainty of what can do and what cannot do, by continual training and product knowledge;
      5. Consistent desire to satisfy and delight customers
        1.  clarify organization’s commitment even if the activities are outside employees’ responsibilities;
MGNT6001 – BOOB Final Exam

MGNT6001 – BOOB (L11-22Mar2018)

  1. Objectives
    1. External environments
    2. Stakeholder theories
  2. Contents
    1. Final exam
      1. Choose 4 questions from 5-question-pool, @25 for each question
      2. Questions similar to Mid-term
      3. Techniques
        1. Must application self experiences with explanation
    2. Initiatives to learn knowledge
      1. Better job -> earn money
      2. Empower you to help people (after helping others, the knowledge remains)
    3. When a market is free?
      1. Property rights
      2. Exchanging (Trade)
      3. Exchange of information
      4. Competition Compare
      5. Choices (Free to choose)
MGNT6001 – BOOB (L11-22Mar2018)


  1. 凡人變CEO的4個習慣
    1. 快速決策
    2. 讓人們贊同你的想法:
      1. 讓員工清楚知道你的願景和目標
      2. 理解那些能夠幫助你實現成果的人的情感、財務和生理需求
      3. 建立日常慣例和習慣以建立關係,這將能轉化為行動並最終實現業務成果
    3. 成功執行計劃並且能持續實現及提供一致成果
    4. 適應環境, 與時并進